M2: Create a scientific report in support of a healthy eating in schools. This topic is to create a report in support of a healthy eating in school. I am starting my topic by looking at the problem we face and how these problems affect us. Then I am going to talk about how we can change this or how we can improve our own health eating. Hopefully this would change the life of others. Fast food still a major part in our society

Since 1970, the amount of fast food restaurants in business doubled, which equates to about 300,000 establishments in the United States. About, 33.8 percent of the U.S. population is affected by obesity and 19 percent of children and adolescents are also affected. McDonald’s is one of the largest fast food in the world. New research found that 1 in 4 visit fast food restaurant. This hunger of fast food it is happening in the global basic. Fast foods and junk foods are high in fat, sodium and sugar, which can lead to obesity and a range of attendant health problems, including diabetes, diabetes, heart disease and arthritis etc. Junk food doesn’t contain the nutrients your body needs to stay healthy. As a result, you may feel chronically fatigued and lack the energy you need to complete daily tasks. The high levels of sugar in junk food puts your metabolism under stress; when you eat refined sugar, your pancreas secretes high amounts of insulin to prevent a dangerous spike in blood sugar levels. Example:

?McDonalds Big Mac: 540 calories and 29 g of fat
?Burger King Whopper: 670 calories and 40 g of fat
What is a healthy balanced diet?
A healthy balanced diet are:
•eating the right amount of food for how active you are, and •eating a range of foods – this is what balanced means The range of foods in your diet should include:
•Carbohydrates (potatoes, rice, pasta, bread, etc) a third of everything we eat •Protein (chicken/meat, fish, eggs, lentils, beans, etc) Two to three portions (one portion is an egg or a serving of meat/fish •Fruit and Vegetables (bananas, apples, carrots, cauliflower) Five portions •Milk and Dairy (milk, cheese, yoghurt, dairy alternatives, etc) Two to three portions (one portion is a small pot of yoghurt or glass of milk)

•Foods Containing Fat and Sugar (cakes, crisps, biscuits, fizzy drinks, etc) One portion (two biscuits or a small chocolate bar) •
The eatwell plate are:
•the different types of food you need to eat
•how much of what you eat should come from each food group Healthy eating tips of everyday

Eating well is essential in maintaining a healthy balance diet. Below tips that cover the basics of healthy eating and can help you make healthier choices: •Base your meals on starchy foods as these give you energy. •Eat lots of fruit and vegetables every day. Eat at least five portions of a variety of fruit and veg a day. •Eat more fish. Eat at least two portions of fish every week, including one portion of oily fish like mackerel or sardines. Cut down on saturated fat and sugar. •Eat less salt – no more than 6g a day for adults.

•Get active and be a healthy weight, use a balance to check if your weight is healthy. •Drink plenty of water, about 6-8 glasses of water (or other fluids) every day. Don’t skip breakfast. Always eat breakfast because it gives you the energy you need for the day. See five healthy breakfasts for ideas. Why is healthy eating important?

A healthy eating diet can reduce your risk of obesity and illnesses such as diabetes, heart disease, stroke, osteoporosis and some types of cancer. Foods we eat contain different types of nutrients, which we required in our body. Key nutrients in your diet include the following. •Carbohydrates provide you with energy.

•Proteins are source of energy and essential for the growth and repair of all tissues in your body. •Fats are a very concentrated source of energy and also have a number of other roles, including helping to transport essential vitamins around your body. •Vitamins and minerals are important to keep your body healthy and functioning. Another important element of your diet is fibre which isn’t classed as a nutrient. However, it’s essential to keep your digestive system healthy and certain types of fibre can help to
control your blood cholesterol levels. Improving your diet

It’s important to eat three balanced meals a day with healthy snacks in between if you need to. Breakfast is important so don’t skip it, especially if you’re trying to lose weight. Generally, if you want to improve your diet, there are certain foods to aim to eat more of and others that it’s best to eat less of. Example: Eat more:

•Fruit and vegetables
•Foods high in fibre, such as wholemeal and wholegrain bread, beans, pulses and potatoes with the skins on •Low-fat dairy products, such as semi-skimmed milk, low-fat cheese and yoghurt •Starchy foods, such as wholemeal rice, pasta and bread

Eat less:
•Processed meat products, such as sausages, salami, meat pies and burgers – replace these with lean meat (with the skin and fat removed) •Foods high in salt, such as crisps and processed foods like ready meals and sauces •Sugary foods and drinks, such as fizzy drinks, sweets and biscuits •High-fat foods, such as cream, butter and cakes

Example: Jamie Oliver school dinners have influence how children eat at school. His campaign aims to improve school meals in the UK. Jamie Oliver feed Me Better campaign study the effect of healthy school meals on education achievements of children in primary school. Jamie Oliver campaign introduced an extreme changes in the meals offered in primary schools in the UK, shifting from low-budget processed meals, high in saturated fat, salt and sugar towards healthier options. Since school meals were changed in the UK, they have been an effect of healthy meals on education performance. The campaign shows an aired percentage of pupils reaching level 4 by 3 to 6 percentage points in English and the percentage of pupils reaching level 5 by 3 to 8 percentage points in science. Moreover, they have been a decrease number of pupils absence since the campaign was introduced. There could be additional benefits in particular in terms of health. Reference

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